Higinbotham’s Tennis for Two was actually preceded by several other inventions — one in the late 1940s and two in the early 1950s. But it would not be fair or correct to award the title of “the first video game” to any one of these specific inventions.
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In 1958, Higinbotham created Tennis for Two to cure the boredom of visitors to Brookhaven National Laboratory. He learned that one of Brookhaven ‘s computers could calculate ballistic missile trajectories and he used this ability to form the game’s foundation. The game was created on a Donner Model 30 analog computer.
1958 video game Tennis for Two Tennis for Two on a DuMont Lab Oscilloscope Type 304-A DesignerWilliam Higinbotham PlatformAnalog computer Release NA: October 18, 1958 GenreSports ModeMultiplayer Tennis for Two is a sports video game that simulates a game of tennis, and was one of the first games developed in the early history of video games. American physicist William Higinbotham designed the game in 1958 for display at the Brookhaven National Laboratory's annual public exhibition after learning
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Higinbotham used this analog computer and an oscilloscope to create this game titled “Tennis for Two” which was used to entertain visitors at the Brookhaven National Laboratory. “Tennis for Two” displayed a simplified tennis court from the side and featured a gravity controlled ball that needed to be played over the net.
William Higinbotham..."Tennis for Two". William Higinbotham. October 25th, 1910 to November 10th, 1994. American physicist who invented the first video game, Tennis for Two, as entertainment for the 1958 visitor day at Brookhaven National Laboratory, where he worked (1947-84) then as head of the Instrumentation Division.
Tennis for Two © 1958 Higinbotham, William. Tennis for Two is an early video game that simulates a game of tennis on an oscilloscope attached to a Donner Model 30 analog computer. Players used custom made aluminium controllers with knobs to angle their shots, and a button in order to hit a ball back and forth.
William A. Higinbotham. After reading an instruction manual that accompanied a Systron-Donner analog computer, William Alfred Higinbotham was inspired to design Tennis for Two, the first computer game to utilize handheld controllers and to display motion. It was also the first game to be played by general public, in this instance, attendees of “visitors day” at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in 1958.
Higinbotham claims that he created "Tennis for Two" to liven up his work place at Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, New York for the open house. Higinbotham realized how non-interactive a lot of science exhibits were at the time, and tried to add more excitement by creating a video game to entertain others.
Tennis For Two — from the Brookhaven National Laboratory. Higinbotham himself was a very accomplished physicist. He graduated from Williams College in 1932, and then went to Cornell University for graduate school in Physics. He would graduate with a PhD and work at Cornell as an electronics technician.